Obesity can be best described as the most common nutritional disorder especially in the affluent group of people. But it is now getting fairly common in not-so-affluent people also. It is a condition in which excessive accumulation of fat takes place in the body due to the intake of food in excess of physiological requirements.
HOW TO REDUCE THE WEIGHT (OBESITY)
It is estimated that an active person will burn about 12-13 calories a day per pound of body weight. Therefore, a person having weight 140 pounds will need roughly 1700-1800 calories a day to maintain that weight, and less to reduce it. This can be used as a guideline for planning weight loss programme, by reducing calorie intake.
It is already stated that obesity is caused by intake of excess calorie and furthermore the lack of physical work or exercise is also one of the contributory factors. Thus, reducing weight means one has to reduce calorie intake by reducing his high-calorie diet. It may, therefore, be suggested to an obese adult to stick to his daily diet providing 1300 KiloCalorie (Kcal) which may help in reducing about 0.5 – 1 Kg a week.
A BALANCED DIET
A balanced diet contains adequate amounts of Proteins, Vitamins and Minerals. Once the body weight comes to the standard level according to the height, the weight maintenance diets (adequate in Proteins, Vitamins and Minerals) should be taken to keep weight constant i. e. between 1700-1800 kcal. Therefore, daily diet should contain a balanced amount of cereals, pulses, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, roots, fruits, milk, fats and oils, sugar and jaggery, and groundnut.
You may not eat and drink following:-